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Testing Routes


Unit testing methods and computed properties follows previous patterns shown in Unit Testing Basics because Ember.Route extends Ember.Object.

Testing routes can be done both via integration or unit tests. Integration tests will likely provide better coverage for routes because routes are typically used to perform transitions and load data, both of which are tested more easily in full context rather than isolation.

That being said, sometimes it is important to unit test your routes. For example, let's say we'd like to have an alert that can be triggered from anywhere within our application. The alert function displayAlert should be put into the ApplicationRoute because all actions and events bubble up to it from sub-routes, controllers and views.

App.ApplicationRoute = Em.Route.extend({
  actions: {
    displayAlert: function(text) {
      this._displayAlert(text);
    }
  },

  _displayAlert: function(text) {
    alert(text);
  }
});

This is made possible by using moduleFor.

In this route we've separated our concerns: The action displayAlert contains the code that is called when the action is received, and the private function _displayAlert performs the work. While not necessarily obvious here because of the small size of the functions, separating code into smaller chunks (or "concerns"), allows it to be more readily isolated for testing, which in turn allows you to catch bugs more easily.

Here is an example of how to unit test this route:

moduleFor('route:application', 'Unit: route/application', {
  setup: function() {
    originalAlert = window.alert; // store a reference to the window.alert
  },
  teardown: function() {
    window.alert = originalAlert; // restore original functions
  }
});

test('Alert is called on displayAlert', function() {
  expect(1);

  // with moduleFor, the subject returns an instance of the route
  var route = this.subject(),
      expectedText = 'foo';

  // stub window.alert to perform a qunit test
  window.alert = function(text) {
    equal(text, expectedText, 'expected ' + text + ' to be ' + expectedText);
  }

  // call the _displayAlert function which triggers the qunit test above
  route._displayAlert(expectedText);
});

Live Example

Custom Test Helpers