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Managing Dependencies Between Controllers

Sometimes, especially when nesting resources, we find ourselves needing to have some kind of connection between two controllers. Let's take this router as an example:

var Router = Ember.Router.extend({});

Router.map(function() {
  this.route("post", { path: "/posts/:post_id" }, function() {
    this.route("comments", { path: "/comments" });

export default Router;

If we visit a /posts/1/comments URL, our Post model will get loaded into a PostController's model, which means it is not directly accessible in the CommentsController. We might however want to display some information about it in the comments template.

To be able to do this we define our CommentsController to need the PostController which has our desired Post model.

export default Ember.ArrayController.extend({
  needs: "post"

This tells Ember that our CommentsController should be able to access its parent PostController, which can be done via controllers.post (either in the template or in the controller itself).

<h1>Comments for {{controllers.post.title}}</h1>

  {{#each comment in comments}}

We can also create an aliased property to give ourselves a shorter way to access the PostController (since it is an ObjectController, we don't need or want the Post instance directly).

export default Ember.ArrayController.extend({
  needs: "post",
  post: Ember.computed.alias("controllers.post")

If you want to connect multiple controllers together, you can specify an array of controller names:

export default Ember.Controller.extend({
  needs: ['post', 'comments']

For more information about dependecy injection and needs in Ember.js, see the dependency injection guide. For more information about aliases, see the API docs for aliased properties.