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Application Tests Edit Page


To create an application test, run ember generate acceptance-test <name>. For example:

ember g acceptance-test login

This generates this file:

import { module, test } from 'qunit';
import { visit } from '@ember/test-helpers';
import { setupApplicationTest } from 'ember-qunit';

module('Acceptance | login', function(hooks) {
  setupApplicationTest(hooks);

  test('visiting /login', async function(assert) {
    await visit('/login');
    assert.equal(currentURL(), '/login');
  });
});

module allows you to scope your tests: Any test setup that is done inside of this scope will apply to all test cases contained in this module. Scoping your tests with module also allows you to execute your tests independently from other tests. For example, to only run your tests from your login module, run ember test --module='Acceptance | login'. setupApplicationTest deals with application setup and teardown. The test function contains an example test.

Almost every test has a pattern of visiting a route, interacting with the page (using the helpers), and checking for expected changes in the DOM.

For example:

import { module, test } from 'qunit';
import { click, fillIn, visit } from '@ember/test-helpers';
import { setupApplicationTest } from 'ember-qunit';

module('Acceptance | posts', function(hooks) {
  setupApplicationTest(hooks);

  test('should add new post', async function(assert) {
    await visit('/posts/new');
    await fillIn('input.title', 'My new post');
    await click('button.submit');
    assert.equal(this.element.querySelector('ul.posts li').textContent, 'My new post');
  });
});

Test Helpers

One of the major issues in testing web applications is that all code is event-driven and therefore has the potential to be asynchronous (i.e. output can happen out of sequence from input). This has the ramification that code can be executed in any order.

An example may help here: Let's say a user clicks two buttons, one after another and both load data from different servers. They take different times to respond.

When writing your tests, you need to be keenly aware of the fact that you cannot be sure that the response will return immediately after you make your requests, therefore your assertion code (the "tester") needs to wait for the thing being tested (the "testee") to be in a synchronized state. In the example above, that would be when both servers have responded and the test code can go about its business checking the data (whether it is mock data, or real data).

This is why all Ember's test helpers are wrapped in code that ensures Ember is back in a synchronized state when it makes its assertions. It saves you from having to wrap everything in code that does that, and it makes it easier to read your tests because there's less boilerplate in them.

Ember includes several helpers to facilitate acceptance testing. There are two types of helpers: asynchronous and synchronous.

Asynchronous Helpers

Asynchronous helpers are "aware" of (and wait for) asynchronous behavior within your application, making it much easier to write deterministic tests.

Some of these handy helpers are:

  • click(selector)
  • Clicks an element and triggers any actions triggered by the element's click event and returns a promise that fulfills when all resulting async behavior is complete.
  • fillIn(selector, value)
  • Fills in the selected input with the given value and returns a promise that fulfills when all resulting async behavior is complete. Works with <select> elements as well as <input> elements. Keep in mind that with <select> elements, value must be set to the value of the <option> tag, rather than its content (for example, true rather than "Yes").
  • keyEvent(selector, type, keyCode)
  • Simulates a key event type, e.g. keypress, keydown, keyup with the desired keyCode on element found by the selector.
  • triggerEvent(selector, type, options)
  • Triggers the given event, e.g. blur, dblclick on the element identified by the provided selector.
  • visit(url)
  • Visits the given route and returns a promise that fulfills when all resulting async behavior is complete.

You can find the full list of helpers in the API Documentation of ember-test-helpers.

The asynchronous test helpers from @ember/test-helpers are meant to be used together with the ES2017 feature async/await to write easy-to-read tests which deal with asynchronous behavior as follows:

Mark the callback passed to the test function as asynchronous using the async keyword:

  test('should add new post', async function(assert) {

  });

Before making an assertion, wait for the execution of each asynchronous helper to finish with the await keyword:

  test('should add new post', async function(assert) {
    await visit('/posts/new');
    await fillIn('input.title', 'My new post');
    await click('button.submit');
    assert.equal(this.element.querySelector('ul.posts li').textContent, 'My new post');
  });

Once we await the execution of the asynchronous helpers this way, we will ensure that all subsequent assertions are always made after the previous steps in the test have completed.

Synchronous Helpers

Synchronous helpers are performed immediately when triggered.

  • currentPath()
  • Returns the current path.
  • currentRouteName()
  • Returns the currently active route name.
  • currentURL()
  • Returns the current URL.
  • find(selector, context)
  • Finds an element within the app's root element and within the context (optional). Scoping to the root element is especially useful to avoid conflicts with the test framework's reporter, and this is done by default if the context is not specified.

Custom Test Helpers

For creating your own test helper, run ember generate test-helper <helper-name>. Here is the result of running ember g test-helper shouldHaveElementWithCount:

import { registerAsyncHelper } from '@ember/test';

export default registerAsyncHelper(
    'shouldHaveElementWithCount', function(app) {
});

Ember.Test.registerAsyncHelper and Ember.Test.registerHelper are used to register test helpers that will be injected when startApp is called. The difference between Ember.Test.registerHelper and Ember.Test.registerAsyncHelper is that the latter will not run until any previous async helper has completed and any subsequent async helper will wait for it to finish before running.

The helper method will always be called with the current Application as the first parameter. Other parameters, such as assert, need to be provided when calling the helper. Helpers need to be registered prior to calling startApp, but ember-cli will take care of it for you.

Here is an example of a non-async helper:

import { registerHelper } from '@ember/test';

export default registerHelper('shouldHaveElementWithCount',
  function(app, assert, selector, n, context) {
    const el = findWithAssert(selector, context);
    const count = el.length;
    assert.equal(count, n, `found ${count} times`);
  }
);

// shouldHaveElementWithCount(assert, 'ul li', 3);

Here is an example of an async helper:

import { run } from '@ember/runloop';
import { registerAsyncHelper } from '@ember/test';

export default registerAsyncHelper('dblclick',
  function(app, assert, selector, context) {
    let $el = findWithAssert(selector, context);
    run(() => $el.dblclick());
  }
);

// dblclick(assert, '#person-1')

Async helpers also come in handy when you want to group interaction into one helper. For example:

import { registerAsyncHelper } from '@ember/test';

export default registerAsyncHelper('addContact',
  function(app, name) {
    fillIn('#name', name);
    click('button.create');
  }
);

// addContact('Bob');
// addContact('Dan');

Finally, don't forget to add your helpers in tests/.eslintrc.js and in tests/helpers/start-app.js. In tests/.eslintrc.js you need to add it in the globals section, otherwise you will get failing ESLint tests:

module.exports = {
  env: {
    embertest: true
  }
  },
  globals: {
    shouldHaveElementWithCount: true,
    dblclick: true,
    addContact: true
  }
};

In tests/helpers/start-app.js you need to import the helper file: it will be registered then.

import Ember from 'ember';
import Application from '../../app';
import Router from '../../router';
import config from '../../config/environment';
import './should-have-element-with-count';
import './dblclick';
import './add-contact';