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Testing Models

Container testing methods and computed properties follow previous patterns shown in Testing Basics because DS.Model extends Ember.Object.

Ember Data Models can be tested in a module that uses the setupTest helper.

Let's assume we have a Player model that has level and levelName attributes. We want to call levelUp() to increment the level and assign a new levelName when the player reaches level 5.

You can follow along by generating your own model with ember generate model player.

import Model, { attr } from '@ember-data/model';

export default class Player extends Model {
  @attr('number', { defaultValue: 0 }) level;
  @attr('string', { defaultValue: 'Noob' }) levelName;

  levelUp() {
    let newLevel = this.level++;
    if (newLevel === 5) {
      this.levelName = 'Professional';

Now let's create a test which will call levelUp on the player when they are level 4 to assert that the levelName changes. We will use module together with the setupTest helper method:

import { module, test } from 'qunit';
import { setupTest } from 'ember-qunit';
import { run } from '@ember/runloop';

module('Unit | Model | player', function(hooks) {

  // Specify the other units that are required for this test.
  test('should increment level when told to', function(assert) {
    const player = run(() =>

    // wrap asynchronous call in run loop
    run(() => player.levelUp());

    assert.equal(player.level, 5, 'level gets incremented');
      'new level is called professional'

Also note, how both creating a record and updating properties on the record through the levelUp method requires us to wrap these operations into a run function. You can read more the Ember run loop over here.

Testing Relationships

For relationships you probably only want to test that the relationship declarations are setup properly.

Assume that a User can own a Profile.

You can follow along by generating your own user and profile models with ember generate model user and ember generate model profile.

import Model from '@ember-data/model';

export default class ProfileModel extends Model {}
import Model, { belongsTo } from '@ember-data/model';

export default class UserModel extends Model {
  @belongsTo('profile') profile;

Then you could test that the relationship by looking it up on the user model which it is part of.

import { module, test } from 'qunit';
import { setupTest } from 'ember-qunit';
import { get } from '@ember/object';

module('Unit | Model | user', function(hooks) {

  test('should own a profile', function(assert) {
    const User = this.owner.lookup('service:store').modelFor('user');

    // lookup the relationship on the user model
    const relationship = get(User, 'relationshipsByName').get('profile');

    assert.equal(relationship.key, 'profile', 'has relationship with profile');
      'kind of relationship is belongsTo'

Ember Data contains extensive tests around the functionality of relationships, so you probably don't need to duplicate those tests. You could look at the Ember Data tests for examples of deeper relationship testing if you feel the need to do it.