Creating a Handlebars Helper Edit Page


So far, our app is directly showing the user data from our Ember Data models. As our app grows, we will want to manipulate data further before presenting it to our users. For this reason, Ember offers Handlebars template helpers to decorate the data in our templates. Let's use a handlebars helper to allow our users to quickly see if a property is "Standalone" or part of a "Community".

To get started, let's generate a helper for rental-property-type:

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ember g helper rental-property-type

This will create two files, our helper and its related test:

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installing helper
  create app/helpers/rental-property-type.js
installing helper-test
  create tests/integration/helpers/rental-property-type-test.js

Our new helper starts out with some boilerplate code from the generator:

app/helpers/rental-property-type.js
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import Ember from 'ember';

export function rentalPropertyType(params/*, hash*/) {
  return params;
}

export default Ember.Helper.helper(rentalPropertyType);

Let's update our rental-listing component template to use our new helper and pass in rental.propertyType:

app/templates/components/rental-listing.hbs
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<article class="listing">
  <a {{action 'toggleImageSize'}} class="image {{if isWide "wide"}}">
    <img src="{{rental.image}}" alt="">
    <small>View Larger</small>
  </a>
  <h3>{{rental.title}}</h3>
  <div class="detail owner">
    <span>Owner:</span> {{rental.owner}}
  </div>
  <div class="detail type">
    <span>Type:</span> {{rental.propertyType}}
    <span>Type:</span> {{rental-property-type rental.propertyType}}
      - {{rental.propertyType}}
  </div>
  <div class="detail location">
    <span>Location:</span> {{rental.city}}
  </div>
  <div class="detail bedrooms">
    <span>Number of bedrooms:</span> {{rental.bedrooms}}
  </div>
</article>

Ideally we'll see "Type: Standalone - Estate" for our first rental property. Instead, our default template helper is returning back our rental.propertyType values. Let's update our helper to look if a property exists in an array of communityPropertyTypes, if so, we'll return either 'Community' or 'Standalone':

app/helpers/rental-property-type.js
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import Ember from 'ember';

export function rentalPropertyType(params/*, hash*/) {
  return params;
}

const communityPropertyTypes = [
  'Condo',
  'Townhouse',
  'Apartment'
];

export function rentalPropertyType([propertyType]) {
  if (communityPropertyTypes.includes(propertyType)) {
    return 'Community';
  }

  return 'Standalone';
}

export default Ember.Helper.helper(rentalPropertyType);

Each argument in the helper will be added to an array and passed to our helper. For example, {{my-helper "foo" "bar"}} would result in myHelper(["foo", "bar"]). Using array ES2015 destructuring assignment, we can name expected parameters within the array. In the example above, the first argument in the template will be assigned to propertyType. This provides a flexible, expressive interface for your helpers, including optional arguments and default values.

Now in our browser we should see that the first rental property is listed as "Standalone", while the other two are listed as "Community".

Integration Test

Update the content of the integration test to the following to fix it:

/tests/integration/helpers/rental-property-type-test.js
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import { moduleForComponent, test } from 'ember-qunit';
import hbs from 'htmlbars-inline-precompile';

moduleForComponent('rental-property-type', 'helper:rental-property-type', {
  integration: true
});

// Replace this with your real tests.
test('it renders', function(assert) {
  this.set('inputValue', '1234');

  this.render(hbs`{{rental-property-type inputValue}}`);

  assert.equal(this.$().text().trim(), '1234');
  assert.equal(this.$().text().trim(), 'Standalone');
});